Energy

As the economy continues to expand, the Philippine energy consumption is expected to grow. As of December 2014, the Philippines had a total of 17,944 MW installed capacity with an energy mix as demonstrated in the figure below:

Energy december 2014 philippines

The entire country’s energy generation was recorded at 77,261 GWh in 2014. This covers generation from the grid‐connected plants from the three main grids as well as embedded and off‐grid generations. Meanwhile, renewable energy‐based plants such as wind, solar, and biomass have small share totaling to 0.47% or 364 GWh of the total generation. Source-wise generation profile of the Philippines is presented in the table below. Energy is generated in the three main islands: Luzon (56,766 GWh); Visayas (11,014 GWh) and Mindanao (9,481 GWh). (Department of Energy, 2014)

Electricity consumption for the year 2014 in the Philippines by sectors as well as accounting for electricity losses is presented in table below. Industrial and residential sectors were the major sources of power consumption in the country.

In year 2000, the energy sector released 43.73 MtCO2e (excluding transport sector) per SNC. The sector contributed 55.7 MtCO2e of GHG emissions in year 2010 per the USAID B-LEADERS, which is 27% increment from the year 2000.


MITIGATION ACTIONS

INFORMATION EXPLANATION AGRICULTURE POLICY/ACTION
The title of the policy or action Policy or action name e.g. NREP
Type of policy or action The type of policy or action, such as those presented in Table 1, or other categories of policies or actions that may be more relevant e.g. Implementation using new technologies to reduce emissions
Description of specific interventions The specific intervention(s) carried out as part of the policy or action e.g. This option considers the realization of the renewable capacity goals in NREP, which sets the following installation targets to be attained by 2030 (DOE 2011b):

   • Biomass – 315.7 MW
   • Geothermal – 3,461 MW4
   • Hydro – 8,794.1 MW
   • Ocean – 70.5 MW
   • Solar – 285 MW
   • Wind – 2,378 MW
The status of the policy or action The specific intervention(s) carried out as part of the policy or action e.g. ☒ Implemented ☐ Planned
Date of implementation The date the policy or action comes into effect (not the date that any supporting legislation is enacted) e.g. 2011
Date of Completion (if applicable) If applicable, the date the policy or action ceases, such as the date a tax is no longer levied or the end date of an incentive scheme with a limited duration (not the date that the policy/action no longer has an impact on GHG emissions) e.g. 2030
Implementing entity or entities Which entity or entities implement(s) the policy or action, including the role of various local, subnational, national, international, or any other entities e.g. DOE, Power Plant owners, others
Objective(s) of the policy or action The intended effects(s) or benefit(s) the policy or action intends to achieve (for example, the purpose stated in the legislation or regulation) e.g. Increase the share of RE in the power sector. This option considers the realization of the renewable capacity goals in NREP, which sets the following installation targets to be attained by 2030 (DOE 2011b):

   • Biomass – 315.7 MW
   • Geothermal – 3,461 MW
   • Hydro – 8,794.1 MW
   • Ocean – 70.5 MW
   • Solar – 285 MW
   • Wind – 2,378 MW
Geographic coverage The jurisdiction or geographic area where the policy or action is implemented or enforced, which may be more limited than all the jurisdictions where the policy or action has an impact e.g. National, Sub-national
Primary sectors, subsectors, and emission sources/sink categories targeted Which sectors, subsectors, and source/sink categories are targeted, using sectors and subsectors from the most recent IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories or other sector classifications e.g. Energy Supply grid-connected biomass, wind, geothermal, hydro-ocean-solar power plants
Greenhouse gases targeted (if applicable) "If applicable, which greenhouse gases the policy or action aims to control, which may be more limited than the set of greenhouse gases that the policy or action affects" e.g. CO2, CH4, N2O
Other related policies or actions Other policies or actions that may interact with the policy or action assessed. e.g. RPS


OPTIONAL INFORMATION

INFORMATION EXPLANATION AGRICULTURE POLICY/ACTION
Intended level of mitigation to be achieved and/or target level of other indicators (if applicable) If relevant and available, the total emissions and removals from the sources and sinks targeted; the target amount of emissions to be reduced or removals to be enhanced as a result of the policy or action, both annually and cumulatively over the life of the policy or action (or by a stated date); and/or the target level of key indicators e.g. Cumulative mitigation potential for the period (2000-2030) is RE Power Plants:

   • Biomass – 3.69 million tons CO2e
   • Geothermal – 77.75 million tons CO2e
   • Large Hydro –57.26 million tons CO2e
   • Small Hydro- 10.16 million tons CO2e
   • Ocean – 3.4million tons CO2e
   • Solar – 5.44 million tons CO2e
   • Wind –44 million tons CO2e
Title of establishing legislation, regulations, or other founding documents The name(s) of legislation1. or regulations authorizing or establishing the policy or action (or other founding documents if there is no legislative basis) e.g. RE Law
Measurement/Monitoring, reporting, and verification procedures References to any measurement, reporting, and verification procedures associated with implementing the policy or action
Enforcement Mechanisms Any enforcement or compliance procedures, such as penalties for noncompliance e.g. To be determined
Reference to relevant guidance documents Information to allow practitioners and other interested parties to access any guidance documents related to the policy or action (for example, through websites) e.g. https://www.doe.gov.ph
The broader context/ significance of the policy or action Broader context for understanding the policy or action, such as other policies or actions that the policy/action replaces, or the political context of the policy/action e.g The development and optimal use of the country's renewable energy resources is central to the Philippine's sustainable energy agenda. Renewable energy is an essential part of the country's low emissions development strategy and is vital to addressing the challenges of climate change, energy security, and access to energy.
Outline of non-GHG effects or co-benefits of the policy or action Any anticipated benefits other than GHG mitigation, such as energy security, improved air quality, health benefits, or increased jobs, and any relevant target indicators e.g. Energy security, Increased competitiveness, improved air quality, health benefits
Other relevant information Any other relevant information