Industry

The Philippines is the 39th largest economy of the world (World Bank, 2013), and is also termed as one of the emerging markets. The industrial sector has made a fair contribution to the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) over the years, averaging 34% during 1980-2014 (Emerging Markets). Internationally, The Philippines is considered as a newly industrialized country. Much of the industrial sector is based on processing and assembly operations in the manufacturing of electronics and other high-tech components, usually from foreign multinational corporations. In 2012, the industrial sector employed 1,530,000 nationally. (PSA, 2012) 

The major industries of the Philippines include manufacturing and agribusiness. Within manufacturing, mining and mineral processing, cement, chemicals, iron and steel, pulp and paper, and ceramics are the focus areas. The Philippines is an attractive pharmaceutical market in the Asia-Pacific region. The Philippines is also richly endowed with metallic resources, and the country has attracted many foreign companies to its land (Emerging Markets). 

Based on the SNC, the industry sector emitted 8.6 MtCO2e in year 2000. Emissions from imported halocarbons, estimated at 0.56 MtCO2e, are excluded. From the total industry emissions, 92% or 7.9 MtCO2e came from mineral production and use, with cement and lime production as the largest contributors. Emissions from metal production and the chemical industry accounted for 7% and 1%, respectively (SNC, 2014). The sector contributed an equivalent of 11 MtCO2e GHG emissions to the total inventory in 2010.


MITIGATION ACTIONS

INFORMATIONEXPLANATIONAGRICULTURE POLICY/ACTION
The title of the policy or actionPolicy or action namee.g. Shift to renewable energy and increased use of recyclable materials and non-GHG intensive alternative particularly for cement industries, glass industry to a small extent
Type of policy or actionThe type of policy or action, such as those presented in Table 1, or other categories of policies or actions that may be more relevante.g. Implementation using new technologies to reduce emissions
Description of specific interventionsThe specific intervention(s) carried out as part of the policy or actione.g. Shift to renewable energy and increased use of recyclable materials and non-GHG intensive alternative particularly for cement industries, glass industry to a small extent
The status of the policy or actionThe specific intervention(s) carried out as part of the policy or actione.g. ☐ Implemented ☒Planned
Date of implementationThe date the policy or action comes into effect (not the date that any supporting legislation is enacted)e.g. To be determined
Date of Completion (if applicable)If applicable, the date the policy or action ceases, such as the date a tax is no longer levied or the end date of an incentive scheme with a limited duration (not the date that the policy/action no longer has an impact on GHG emissions)e.g. To be determined
Implementing entity or entitiesWhich entity or entities implement(s) the policy or action, including the role of various local, subnational, national, international, or any other entitiese.g. DENR-EMB, DTI, DOE, DPWH, Cement Manufacturer’s Association of the Philippines (CEMAP), cement companies, glass manufacturing companies, others-private sector
Objective(s) of the policy or actionThe intended effects(s) or benefit(s) the policy or action intends to achieve (for example, the purpose stated in the legislation or regulation)e.g. Thirty-five percent of national cement production is assumed to be lower- clinker by 2020, 50% by 2030; reducing CO2 emissions
Geographic coverageThe jurisdiction or geographic area where the policy or action is implemented or enforced, which may be more limited than all the jurisdictions where the policy or action has an impacte.g. National, sub-national
Primary sectors, subsectors, and emission sources/sink categories targetedWhich sectors, subsectors, and source/sink categories are targeted, using sectors and subsectors from the most recent IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories or other sector classificationse.g.

a) Mineral Industry; CO2 Emissions from Cement Production;

b) Fuel Combustion Activities -Manufacturing Industries and Construction; CO2, CH4, N2O;

c) Fuel Combustion Activities -Manufacturing Industries and Construction; CO2, CH4, N2O;

d) Fuel Combustion Activities -Manufacturing Industries and Construction; CO2, CH4, N2O;

e) Mineral Industry; CO2 Emissions from glass production
Greenhouse gases targeted (if applicable)If applicable, which greenhouse gases the policy or action aims to control, which may be more limited than the set of greenhouse gases that the policy or action affectse.g. CO2
Other related policies or actionsOther policies or actions that may interact with the policy or action assessed.e.g. None


OPTIONAL INFORMATION

INFORMATION EXPLANATION AGRICULTURE POLICY/ACTION
Intended level of mitigation to be achieved and/or target level of other indicators (if applicable) If relevant and available, the total emissions and removals from the sources and sinks targeted; the target amount of emissions to be reduced or removals to be enhanced as a result of the policy or action, both annually and cumulatively over the life of the policy or action (or by a stated date); and/or the target level of key indicators e.g. Cumulative mitigation potential for the period (2000-2030) is 31.18 million tons CO2e
Title of establishing legislation, regulations, or other founding documents The name(s) of legislation1. or regulations authorizing or establishing the policy or action (or other founding documents if there is no legislative basis) e.g. NCCAP
Measurement/Monitoring, reporting, and verification procedures References to any measurement, reporting, and verification procedures associated with implementing the policy or action
Enforcement Mechanisms Any enforcement or compliance procedures, such as penalties for noncompliance e.g. None
Reference to relevant guidance documents Information to allow practitioners and other interested parties to access any guidance documents related to the policy or action (for example, through websites) e.g. https://www.denr.gov.ph
The broader context/ significance of the policy or action Broader context for understanding the policy or action, such as other policies or actions that the policy/action replaces, or the political context of the policy/action e.g. Introduction of lower-clinker cement—60% clinker by mass. results in the decrease of direct process emissions of CO2 from the production of clinker, as well as the reduction of emissions from the energy required to produce the clinker
Outline of non-GHG effects or co-benefits of the policy or action Any anticipated benefits other than GHG mitigation, such as energy security, improved air quality, health benefits, or increased jobs, and any relevant target indicators e.g. Energy security, improved air quality, health benefits
Other relevant information Any other relevant information